Balicki-Zmudzinski
notes by Daniel Neill
source: - BBO vugraph archive
- The Vugraph Project ( http://www.sarantakos.com/bridge/vugraph.html )
last updated: 8-17-12
Opening Bids Summary:
1C = Polish 3-way (12-14 NT/4414, 15+ unbal with C, any 19+), forcing
1D = 11-17(18), 5+D or 3-suiter or 4D-5C
1M = 11-17(18), 5+crds
1N = 15-17
2C = 11-14(15), 6+C or 5C-4M
2D = mini-multi
2H = weak, 5+H-5+other
2S = weak, 5+S-5+minor
2N = weak, 5+ 5+ minors
3y = pree
3N = Gambling, solid minor, no side stop
4y = Namyats, 8.5 playing tricks, solid M
4M = pree
4th seat adjustments: 2N = full opening bid strength (can re-raise with max)
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1C Opening Bid Responses
************************
1D = waiting, any 0-6, or 7-11 unbal no major, or 16+ bal no major
(X) XX = 19+, was 3541/2245
(1M)
Pass = 12-14, or trap with 18+ and 5+crds (later X's by re takeout)
X = 15+ takeout
1N = 18-21
2lower = 5+crds, 18+ (15+ for C), NF
3S (over 1H) = was 9 tricks 1-suiter (cues)
(1N)
2M = 5+crds, 19+--
(2y) P .. balancing double by Re = takeout (op mb trap 18+ 5+crds)
X = 15(18)+ takeout, no cheap 5M to bid, or any GF (3S jump = 5crds max)
1H = 12-20, 3+crds, longer major, NF
(X) 2H = normal, was 5H
(2C = nat) Pass = was 4351 3, X = was negative
1S = 4+S, 4-6, NF
2H = 18+, 5+H, NF (2S = constr)
4m = splinter for S, was 46(21) 17
1N = 5-6, no 4M
2C = 5+crds, 7-11 (2H = 5+H 18+ [F?], 3C = was 4414 15)
2D = 5+crds, 7-11 (4D = invit was 2542 18 [4H = 3fit nf])
2H = courtesy raise, 4-5H 4-7
3H = 5+H 4-6 (even over X)
1S = 12-20, 3+crds, longer major, NF (one vugraph note said it promises 4S, so 1H would be 2+crds if weak...)
1N = 4-6 (2C = forcing [4D spl], 2D = was 4153 21 F [2N NF])
(X) XX = was 5224 20
2C = forcing (4D spl)
2D = was 4153 21 F (2N = NF)
3N = was 5323 20 promises 5S (4S = tripleton - they could have missed a 3-5 heart fit)
2m = 5+crds 7-11, NF (2S = 5+S 18+ GF)
2H = 5+ decent crds 5-6
2S = courtesy raise, 4S 4-7
3S = 5+S 4-6
1N = 18-21, may have 5M, sys on
2C = 15+ NF, no 4M unless quite strong, was 1255 21 once
3D = 4+crd C raise, had 4D, 6 HCP
2D = art GF
2H = double-neg (or H if not jump-worthy)
2S = 5+S (3S = was 4fit [4C short], 4S = very bad raise)
2N = GF bal (3C Stayman)
3D = nat may have 4M (3M = nat)
2S = 5+S, some values (3C = nat)
3H = was 4711 5, does not show the spades (4D = was 5161 [4H = was 4711 5, never found S])
2H = near-GF but NF, 5+crds (3m = nat GF)
2S = near-GF but NF, 5+crds
2N = GF waiting, may have 5 bad H
3H = GF nat
2N = 22-24, may have 5M (3C = Stayman, 3red = transfer)
3M = 9 tricks, NF
1H = solid 7+, 4+H
(X) Pass = 12-14 missing S stop but had AQxx recently so maybe just minimum, XX 18+ [no supp XX], 1N promises S stopper
(1S/2D)
X = support or general 19+ (2C = 5crds to play)
1N = 12-14 with stop
2C = 5+C 15+ F1 (normal)
1S = 4+crds, forcing, any strength
(2C) X = was 2452 11 (pd removed to 2H was cAKx and hxxx so maybe takeout)
2C = invit checkback, puppet to 2D
2D = forced (Pass = to play, 3N = 4333 c.o.g.)
2D = GF checkback (2H = 3crds [3D = 4H-5D (3S = D fit)])
2H = mb good 5crds (2S = 18+, 5+S)
2N = invite
3D = was 6-6 8 HCP
1N = 12-14, denies 4S
2C = invit checkback (2D = denies 3H was min, 2H = was min 3H)
2D = GF checkback
2N = invit
2C = 15+, F1, nat
2D = art GF nat conts (even 3D)
2H = 5+crds neg (may have 4S) (3H = invit 2crds)
2N/3C = neg
4D = was 14 HCP spl for C
2D = art, 19+ HCP, 3+H, GF, may have side suit
(X) nat cont's, at least 2H is
2H = 4H, 7-10 (4H = to play)
2S = was 5332 (2N = was 3442 side values [3N to play])
2N = bal, may have 4H if extras
3D = was 4H-4D bal twice, 4H-5D (3H = sets H, cues, 4H = to play)
3S = 4S-4H bal (4C = cue for H)
3N = bal, was 3442 twice (4H = was 4432 21), I think shows this shape, cf 3D
2S = 4H, 11+ HCP (BPH 10-11)
2N = waiting, had 4333/5332 (3C = was 4H-5C [3S had 5S], 3D = was 4H-5D [3S = stall just 3H])
3H = was 4423 18 (3N = bal xtras)
2N = 5H, min (was 4531) (3H = sets H [3S = 4S])
3C = 5H, 11+, sets H (3H = was 1345 16 [3N = was 4531 13])
3D = 6+H, 7-9 (3H = cue extras; 3N = F strong)
2H = 12-14, 4crds
(X) 2S = was 4513 8
2S = invit+ relay (2N = was 3433 min [3H = to play])
2S = 19+, 5+S, GF (3C = nat, may be canape)
2N = 19+, GF, 0-2H
3C = nat, raisable with suit-oriented 4 (3H = doub but not good for NT, 3N = may have doub H if NT ok)
3H = about 15 unbal with C
1S = solid 7+, 4+S
(X) XX = 18+ (no support XX), Pass = probably missing a stopper
(2suit) X = support, or general 19+, 2NS = 5+crds 18+, jump cue = splinter raise
1N = 12-14
2C = invit checkback, forces 2D?
2D (had 3S once, 2Sx2)
Pass = to play 2D
3C = was 5-5 invite NF
3N = was 5(332)
2D = GF checkback (2S = 3S may have 4H, nat conts)
2N = invite
4S = to play
2C = nat, 15+, F1
2D = art GF (2H = nat [2N = was 4342 9, 3C = was 4S-4C], 2N = nat may have 4H, 3N = based on good C)
2S/2N/3C = negative
2D = art, 19+ HCP, GF, 3+S
2H = 4S, 7-10 (7-8 BPH)
2N = was 5314 stiff dK (3N = was 4342 9 [cues for S])
3H = 5crds
4S = to play
2S = 4S, 11+, was 4216, 4342 (9-10 BPH)
2N = had 5S unbal, 4423, 3334 so art
3C = was 4216 (3S = S trump)
3D = was 4243 (3S = S trump), cf 3N
3N = was 4342 ( I think shows this shape)
2N = 5S 7-10(-) (3C/H = nat, 3S = sets S [3N = was 5332])
3C = 5S 10+ (3S = sets S [was bal], 4C = was 3325 cue for S)
3D = 6+S, 7-9 (3N = forcing, strong)
2H = 19+, 5+H GF (3C = mb 4S-5C, 3H = fit, not WPH [cues, or 3N = c.o.g.], 4H = was 4333 minimum)
2S = 12-14, 4crds (DJS = splinter, think same 2-way gametries as 1M-2M)
2N = 19+, 0-2 S, was bal every time
3C = nat (raisable with suit-oriented 4, 3S = doubleton flawed for NT, 3N = may have doub S)
3S = 6+crds
3N = was 5332 10
3m = self-sufficient suit, slam interest, sets suit
3S = about 15 unbal with C
1N = 7(+)-11 bal, no 4M
2S = 19+, 5+S (2N = may have fit)
2N = invite, was 4414 15
3C = great suit, GF (3M worry about oM)
3N = 18-21 bal or good club hand
2C = GF 5+C
(X) XX = was 12-14 with 4C
2H = was 4432 12-14 (3D = nat)
2S = was 4324 12-14 (3N = to play)
2N = was 3235 12-14 (3N = to play)
3C = good 3/4crds, no M, was 12-14
3M = 19+, long good suit
4C = unbal, sets C, 18+
2D = GF 5+D
2H = nat, was 44(32)/4414 12-14, 4720 18. 2542 18
2S = nat (5C = exclusion KC, implies 18+ and thus 5+H)
3C = nat (even 6-4) (3H = just confirms 5+H 18+, may have m fit; 3N = 12-14 to play)
3D = great suit
2S = nat, was 4342 12-14, 4S-5C 16, 5332 19
2N = waiting
3D = was 4342 (3H = stalling, slam interest)
3C = nat (3D = was 4342 14 [3H = 4th suit], 3S = was 5332 19 [4C = was slammish not sure what happening], 4C = 15+ nat)
3N = was 1453, all stopped (4D = reveals big club)
2N = nat, was bal 12-14 even with 4S-4H or 4333 or no M - or 4324 19
3C = nat
3H = nat (was 6D-4H) (3S = nat)
3N = to play
3C = was 4315 15 (4H = splinter for C)
3M = 19+, long good suit
3N = was 2443 13
2H = 13-16 bal, was Qxx Qx Txx AKQJx, 2344
(X = hearts) Pass = had 4S-2H
2N = 18+, was 3343 18 (4C = was 3235 14)
3C = was 4333 12 (3D = was 2344 [3S = was 4333])
2S = 13-16 bal, may have 4M
(X) - Pass = was xx (2N = was stopped)
3C = Stayman
3D = no M (was 5D)
3H = 4H (3S = 4S with extras [4H = cue for something but not S])
3S = 4S (4C = nat no fit extras)
3N = 12-14 no M
2N = GF bal, think no good 4M (3C = nat 12+)
3D = nat, 18+ (4D = good 3crds or better)
3m = invit, good suit
3M = was KQJ 7th and out
3S = transfer to 3N (4M = nat 5+crds 19+ F)
3N = to play (4C nat F)
Passed Hand Adjustments:
1C opening NV can be light
2m = 9-11 5crds, no 4M (2M = 18+ 5+crds, GF)
2N = 11 bal
Handling Interference:
General Competitive Notes -
Opener's free 1NT rebid after 1C-(1y)-P-[(1z)] is 18-20 (systems on)
Opener's free double is takeout 12+.
Opener's free 1M is 15+ (if with clubs)
(X)
Pass = weak hand, any dist (reopening: 1D nat to play, XX was 4234 weak)
recently this Pass was 4234 8 no red stops
XX = 10+, may have 5suit
(1D)
Pass = had 3 nice diamonds
(P)
2D cue = was 3523 GF
1D = was nat weak
1H = nat, as normal
1S = nat, as normal
1N = 7-9
2C = 5+crds simple raise
(1D)
Pass = weak or trap (balancing: 1S = 15+, X = takeout)
X = 7+, 4+H (2H = 4H, 12-14)
(any) no supp double, or at least optional
1H = 7+, 4+S (1S = 3crds 12-14, 2S = 4S 12-14)
(any) no support double, or at least optional
1S = 7+, 4+ 4+ majors, never light (not 6-4 min)
1N = nat
2C = nat NF
(X) 3C = fit
2D = *new probably 6+H game force* (old: 4H-5+C invit)
2H = *new* was 6S-4C game force (old: 4S-5+C invit)
2S = GF with C
2N = nat
3C = invit, good suit
3D = GF bal, usu. no stopper
3M = pree
3N = nat
(1D = hearts)
1H = was 6133 6 (2N = nat)
(1H)
X = 4+S
(2H) X = 18+, 2N = Leb
1S = 3S 12-14 (2H = general force, was 5233 11)
1N = 2S, 12-14, might not have stopper
2D = normal 3+S 18+ I think
2H = 18+, generic, too strong for 2N I think, may have 4S (2S = 5+crds, 3m = 5+crds)
2S = 4S, 12-14
1S = C or bal no stopper (1N = 12-14, no stop needed; 2N = inv, 3N = 20+)
later balancing 2N = minors
1N = nat
2C = diamonds, 7+ HCP (2D = 12-14)
2D = 4S-5D invit
2H = 4S-5C invit
2S = GF with C
2N = nat
3m = invit good suit
3H = GF bal, usu. no stopper
3S = pree
3N = nat
(1S)
Pass
(2H) X = was 18+ takeout (2N nat)
(2S) 2N = was 20 bal
(3S) X = was 18+ takeoutish (problems)
X = neg, mb GF with 5+suit, or 10-11 general
(2S) 3N = was 2245 17 good C with spade stop
1N = 12-14, might not have stopper (2D = to play)
2C = 15+ (unless if bid freely, then is 12-14 5C)
2D = promises strong hand
2S = general 18+ hand (3H = 5+crds)
2N = 18-20, may have 4H
2C = nat NF
2D = nat (BPH mb 7 HCP)
3D/3H = 6+ good crds, GF
(1S art)
2C/D/H = NF
(1N = nat)
2C = majors
(1N art)
X = cards
(2C nat)
Pass (P) balancing X = 18+ takeout
X = neg, mb GF 5+suit or general 10+
2y = NF (2M = 5+crds 18+)
(2D)
X = neg (2N = 12-14 nat)
2S = NF but raisable
(2D = hearts)
X = cards
(2D = majors)
X = cards
(2H)
X = neg (2N = 12-14 nat, 3H = GF with/without fit, 4S = distr not 18+)
2S = NF (3N = was SOL clubs stiff S 15 to play)
3D = has been invit twice
(2S)
X = neg
3C = GF (3M = 5+crds 19+ [4NS = cue for M])
3S = was 2245 12 (4H = 18+ with 5+H)
(3C art)
3H = nat GF
(3C nat)
X = neg (may be GF with S)
(3H nat)
X = neg (4C = mb 12-14 no stop and no 4S)
(3S)
X = neg
(4D)
X = neg (4N = to play but had extras)
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1D Opening Bid Responses
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1H = 4+crds, never light
(X) Pass = had 3H-6D min
(1S) Pass = denies 3H but had good S stop 13 so not sure what 1N is, 3H = like normal
(2S) X = takeout
1S = 4crds, could be max, unbal
1N = s/o (2H = good unbal 3fit, 2N = 16ish, 3N = 18ish)
2C = invit checkback
2D = was 4063 13 (3D = invit NF)
2N = 4144 max
2D = GF checkback
2S = 4D-5D no C stopper, was 4252 (3C = asks half stopper [3N = was 4252 min with half stopper])
2N = C stopper, was QJxx Kx AQxxx Qx (3D = was 2452 12 [3H = was hKx, cQx])
3C = 4144
3H = was 4351 max
2S = courtesy
2N = invit
1N = 5332/6322 12-14
2D = GF art (2N = not much interest, think 3H = max with 3H)
2C = could be 4D-5C, may have 3H
2D = preference
2S = 4th suit (3C = 5-5)
2N = nat
3H = invite
2D = 6+crds
2S = seminat GF (2N = C stop)
3D = invite
2H = 12-14, 4crds (DJS = splinter even 4D)
2N = 6(5)D 17-18, NT-oriented, had 1H
3C = 5+-5, max (3D = to play [3oM = pushing], 3S = 4th suit [3N = had S stop])
3D = was 1363 max, good suit
3H = unbal 15, approx.
3N = running D, side stops (4C = cue for D)
1S = 4+crds, never light
1N = 12-14, 5332/6322
2C = invit checkback, forces 2D I think (then 3D = 5S-3D inv)
2D = GF checkback
2S = 3S (4D = splinter)
3S = max with 3S and not 4H
3H = 5-5 strong, was 5512 conc. slammish (4C = cue for H)
2C = could be 4D-5C
2D = preference (mb 10)
2H = 4th suit (2S = may be doubleton without H stop)
2S = s/o (3C = freak signoff)
2N/3D = invit
3H = GF 5-5
2D = nat, may be 1453
2H = art F (later bids GF) (2N = was 2173 10 [3S=GF], 3H = nat [was 1453 min], 3S = extras 3S)
3C = was 5224 12 (3S = was 3fit)
3D = courtesy raise
2H = nat reverse, F1
2S = 5+S F1 (was 5323 11) (2N = was 2452 17 and pd raised to 3N with 5323 11)
3C = was 4234 12
3D = was 2461 (4N = intended quant, taken as RKC D)
2S = 12-14, 4crds [once was 3154 min] (DJS = splinter even 4D)
2N = was 18 3S-6(5)D
3C = was 2065 17, NF, 5+ 5+ max
3D = was 3262 17 good suit (3H = waiting [3S = 3crd then cue])
3H = splinter for S, was 16
3S = unbal 15, approx
3N = running D, side stops
4C = splinter, was 4261 15
1N = 6-10
2C = could be 4D-5C (2H = serious C raise)
2N = bal, long D, tricks, NF
2C = GF unless suit rebid
2D = may have minimum C raise, confirms 5D
2H = seminat, GF (3C = weak raise, 3H = 4crds))
2S = seminat, GF (3S = 4crds [4D = D fit not S fit])
2D = invit+ raise, may be 3334
2M = stopper (2S = stopper, 2N = GF)
3D = the worst
2H = 5S-4+H (was 8 HCP)
2S = 6+C 9-11
2N = 11
3C = 9-11 D raise (used to be invit 4+ 4+ minors?) (3D = to play)
3D = pree, 4+crds
3M/4C = splinter
3N = 12+
Passed Hand Adjustments:
Can open 1D on good 4crds bal.
2D = better raise
2M = 5+crds-3+D, 9-11
3C = 5(4)+D, 9-10 (was 3244 9)
Handling Interference:
(X)
XX = 10+, even very dist. with 4M-5C, 4-5M bal (later 2M = NF 5crds), activates pen doubles
1M = nat, F, mb light (2M once was 3154 min raise)
2D = 3+crds (not 3[433] likely)
3C = was 3D-6C weak
3D = was 2344 bad 9 vul
3H = pree but had 4D
(1M)
X = neg or GF with 5+suit, or general 10+ (2D may be 5332 if no stop)
... later 2M cue by doubler = limit D raise fit
(1N) 3C = was distrib. 13
(2M) 2N = Leb
1S (over 1H) = 5+S (2H = general force with primary D [3D = s/o attempt], 2S = 3+crds)
2C = NF but raisable
2D = simple raise, 3+crds
2H (over 1S) = NF but raisable
2cue = limit+ D raise
3D = pree, 4+crds
3M cue = had Axx stopper, no fit
games = to play
(1N = strong)
2S = to play
(2C)
X = neg (may have just 1M and 4+D) or GF with 5+suit or general 10+ (2D = mb 5crds)
2D = simple raise
2M = NF (3C = good raise)
(2D Michaels)
3D = simple raise
(2H)
3D = 4+D, 6-10
(2S)
X = neg, was 2625 GF (2N = nat)
3D = 4+D, 6-10
(3C)
3D = 4+D, 6-10
(4H)
X = neg, was 5332 (4N = scramble)
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1H Opening Bid Responses
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1S = 4+crds, never light
(X) XX = support
1N = 12-14, may be sing. S
2C = checkback, may be v. mild invite with 5S
2D = was 1534/2533 min (2S = to play, 3H = GF)
2D = GF checkback, was 6502
3S = was 3532 max (4C = cue for S but jumped to 6H so unclear)
2C = nat, may be 6-4 good
2D = 4th suit (2S = 3crds)
2S = s/o
2N/3C invite
2D = nat
2H = usu. doubleton (3C = patterning ~16)
3C = 4th suit GF or nat? (can be 4th suit, prep slamtry H)
3D = was 2551x2 [3H = was slammish fit, 4S = was SOL suit slammish and pd cue-bid])
3H = invit
2H = nat
3C = 3rd suit forcing (3D = was stall, 2623 [4H = was mild slamtry H])
2S = 12-14, 4crds
2N = relay not any shortness (3S = minimum [cues], 4D = void)
3C = was Kxx (and slammish) (3H = was conc.)
2N = was 3523 17 (3N = to play, had 5S)
3C = 5-5 max (3H = 2+crds)
3D = 5-5 max (4D = GF)
3H = trick-based, long good suit (4m = cue for H)
3S = 15 unbal, approx
4m = splinter for S, can be 17 5-4
4H = was x AKQT9xx KJ J9x
4S = medium but 6+-4
1N = 6-11 HCP, semiforcing, no fit
2D = 4+crds
2H = pref, mb 10-11
3C = was 1543 18 (4S = was slamtry long C)
2H = 6+crds (2N = stiff invite)
2S = reverse, probably 6-4 or good 5H (3m nat)
2N = (16)17-18, 5H, NF
3H = trick-based
3N = sol H
4H = lots of tricks
2C = GF unless suit rebid, natural or balanced (later 2N GF waiting)
2D = nat
2H = was 3H-5C slammish (2S = 3541 [2N = slammish waiting])
2S = 4th suit GF but mb nat
(X) was 2542 11 no stopper (XX = keep bidding)
2N = was 4540 11 (3N = to play was 4135 - missed 4-4 S fit)
3C = NF
2H = 11-15 without 4+D
2S = seminat, GF (4H = min, long good suit)
2N = GF waiting, side stops, may have 3+fit bal slammish
3N = was 35[32] 12, 4522 13 (4H = was bal slamtry H)
3D = was 3325 slammish (4C = nat)
3H = probably 5+C 3+H, slamtry
3S/4D = splinter for H
4H = was 3fit stiff sA, 13 HCP
2S = 16+ nat
2N = 16+ nat
2D = GF unless suit rebid, promises 5+D or unbal hand
(2S) 3D = was min 1534
2H = any 11-15
2S = GF, nat (or frag no C stop)
2N = C stop
3D nat (3H = Hx)
3S = 4S-5+H no C stop, S is trumps (3N = bal slammish forcing)
2N = GF waiting with side stops
3D = raise (3H = Hx stall)
3S = 4S-5+H (4C = cue for S)
3C = GF, nat (or frag no S stop)
3D = NF
3S/4C = splinter for H
4H = bare min
2S = 16+, nat
2N = 16+, nat
3H = great suit, extras
4C = was 3550 13
2H = simple raise, 5-9 (2S = any short, 2N[S]/3m = HSGT or ST [cue with fitting max], reraise pree in comp)
(2S) X = was 2533 14 and pd pulled with 3352 6
2S = any 6-9 splinter raise (was 4-5 H), or 10-12 4H bal
(3C) 4C = splinter
2N = was 2533 17 (4H = was 10 bal bad for slam)
2N = 12-17 raise, 3+crds bal
3C = was 3514 13, 3505 15 (short D?)
3H = was 3622 11 with dK so not sure (3S = was 3514 sK cue)
4H = was 3442 12 no Aces (5H = was 3505 15)
3D = was 0553 12 (short S?) (3H = was cue)
3H = was 4621 13 (short C?)
3N = was min bal (4D cue)
4H = unbal min
3C = 6-9 4crd bal raise
3D = 11(10)-12 bal 3fit raise
3H = pree
3S = any non-serious splinter
3N/4m = serious splinter
Passed Hand Adjustments:
2C = Rev Drury with fit (2D = ART av. opening, 2H = submin, 3C = was 6H-4C 14)
2D = nat 8-11 5+crds NF
fit-showing 3+level bids (may have 3fit)
4th suit forcing by responder is nat max NF
Handling Interference:
(X)
transfers start at 1N, FSJ
Pass = may contain normal 1N bid (later X a low-level contract for takeout, 1N like normal NT)
XX = 10+, may have 3fit or 4S
1S = normal but less than 10, NF (Pass = was 3fit)
1N = club suit/lead
2C = diamond suit/lead
2D = normal raise
2H = v. weak raise, generally 3fit
2N = was 4441 8, not GF (3C = was 2623 counter-try, not GF)
3H = pree
3S = was 1543 13 (poss. same as normal sys)
(1S)
X = neg or GF with 5+ suit or general 10+ (even low offense 3crd limit raise)
1N = nat (2C = 5+C GF)
2m = NF
2S = invit+ raise, usu. 3crds (4H = was min unbal accept)
2N = was mixed raise
3m = GF, 6+ good crds
3H = pree
3S = splinter, GF
3N = to play, was 4144
4H = may be strongish
(1N)
2S = to play
(2C)
X = neg or GF with 5+ suit or general 10+
2D/S = NF
2N = constr+ 4+crd raise
3C = usu. 3crd limit+ raise
3H = pree
4m = splinter raise
4H = may be strongish
(2D)
X = neg or GF with 5+ suit or general 10+
2S = NF
2N = offensive (unbal 3fit, any 4+fit) constr+ raise
3C = NF
3D = usu. 3crd lim+ raise
3H = pree
4m = splinter raise of H
4H = may be strongish
(2H Michaels)
X = cards
3C = was fit-showing BPH
3H = simple raise
3S = splinter
4H = can be strongish
(2S)
3m = NF
3H = competitive
4N = RKC H
(2N = minors)
3C = lim+ raise. does not set forcing Pass at 5-level even
(4S)
reopening X = was 1723 16 (pd removed with 4fit)
************************
1S Opening Bid Responses
************************
1N = 6-11 HCP, semiforcing, no fit
2C = nat (2red = s/o, 2N invit [3C s/o], 3C = 4+crds invite)
2D = nat, mb strong 6-3, 6142 15 (2N invit [3D s/o, 3S = was 6-4 max], 3C = to play, 3D = invitish, 4D = was 1453 9)
2H = nat (2S = correct [3H = nice 5-5 NF], 3m = to play, 3H = 4[3]+crds invite)
2S = nat (2N invite)
2N = 17-18, 5S
3H = 5-5, trick-based, NF
3S = trick-based
3N = sol S
4S = lots of tricks
2C = GF unless suit rebid, may be 2C or 3C-4D if strong with fit (later 2N GF waiting)
2D = 4+D, may have 6S
2H = 4th suit GF, may have stopper
2S = was 6241 12
3C = was 3217 18
3H = had KJxxxx Ax Axxx x (3S = had 3S)
3D = 5-5
2S = was 5323 16 (3C = was 5242 but xx H and Ax C [3S = sets S was bal])
3D = GF raise
4S = bare min, sub-min, primary C
2H = 4+H
2N = GF waiting (3H = 5-5 [4C = nat slammish])
3H = GF raise, was v. good
2S = 11-15, no red suit
2N = GF waiting
3C = 5S-4C [3D seminat]
3S = 6 crds (3N to play, else cues for S)
4S = min, long good suit
3C = NF
3D = semi-nat, GF
3H = semi-nat, GF (4C = Ax D is not good enough stop)
3S = 6+S, was 6322 (4C = ART slamtry S [4D = v. bad hand])
4D/4H = splinter for S
4S = was 4144 11
2N = 16+, nat
3S = was AKJTxx 14, shows 6+ (4S was xx min)
2D = GF unless suit rebid, shows 5+D or unbal
2H = nat
2S = GF, was 3262 13 (4S = was 5422 bad for slam)
3C = 4th suit
3D = NF
4D = sets D
2S = 11-15 without 4H
2N = GF waiting, side stops
3C = nat
3C = seminat GF
3H = had C fit and H stopper, stall
4D = splinter for C, 5C
4C/4H = splinter for S
4S = ultra-min or submin
2N = 16+ nat
3C = 16+ nat (4S = trash)
3D = GF D raise, was 5143 14 (3H = general interest, later cues; 3S = was 2263 c.o.g.)
2H = GF unless suit rebid
2S = 11-15 without 3+H
2N = GF waiting, side stops
3D = nat (3S = Hx tends to ask about C stop quality)
3S = 6+crds
3D = was 2542 with cQx (3H = doub H may have club stop [3S punt])
3H = NF
4m = splinter for S
2N = 16+ nat (3H = extra length [cues])
3D = was 5143 16 (3S = sets spades
3H = has been min/med 3-4 trumps (4m cue)
4H = bare minimum, bad for slam, usu. bal min (may have 6S)
4N = RKC H
2S = simple raise, 5-9 (2N = any short [3C asks bid nat], 3lower = HSGT, reraise pree in comp, 4H = nat c.o.g. often)
2N = any 6-9 unbal raise, or 10-12 4S bal
3C = relay (3D = short D 6-9, 3H = short H 6-9, 4S = was minimum 4cd bal 10-12 raise)
3H = was 5-5 (4D = cue with the biggie)
3S = bal min [4S = 11-12]
3C = 12-17 raise, 3+ crds bal
3D = was 5341 min (3S = slammish)
3H = nat (3S = sets S, 4H = to play)
3S = was 6331 15 (4D = was 6223 11 cheapest cue)
3N = was min bal, NF
3D = 6-9 4crd bal raise
3H = 11(10)-12 bal 3fit raise
3S = pree
3N = any non-serious splinter
4m/H = serious splinter
Passed Hand Adjustments:
2C = Rev Drury with fit (2H = nat)
(3C) 4C = general slamtry w/ control
2D = nat, 5+crds 8-11
2H = nat, 5+crds 8-11, NF
fit-showing 3+level bids
Handling Interference:
(X) transfers, FSJ
Pass = may contain normal 1N bid (later X a low-level contract for takeout)
XX = 10+, may have 3fit or bad 4fit bal (3S by op pree)
2C = D suit/lead
2D = H suit/lead
2H = normal raise
2S = v. weak raise, generally 3fit
2N = 4+S, was 5332 8, not GF (3C = art countertry I think based on 1H-X)
(2m)
X = neg or GF 5+ suit or general 10+
2NS = NF but raisable (3 lower = nat F)
2N = at least constr. 4+crd raise
3m cue = was GF 4fit (3H = was bal no H cue 14 [3S = was 12 5fit])
3S = pree
4m/om = splinter
4S = may be strongish
(2H)
2N = lim raise
3H = GF raise (4S = min)
3S = pree
4H = splinter
4S = may be strongish
(2S = Michaels)
X = values, may have GF raise
3S = simple raise
4S = was 3172 8
(3H)
4H = was 3244 15
************************
1N Opening Bid Responses
************************
2C = Stayman, might not have M
(X) XX = to play, had AQJx no 4M
2D = no M
2H = majors, weak
2S = art relay, was 4234 15 but no alert (3D = was 2263 max no alert)
3D = asks for 3crd M, Smolen types usu.(3H/S = 3crd, 3N = no 3M or really doesn't care)
2M = 4M, denies 4oM
2S (over 2H) = was 4252 15 (3C = was 2434 15 [3D = was 4252 15 (3H = was 2434 15 [4N quant])])
3C = was 4oM-5C, no slam
3D = art slamtry
3M = invite
3N = to play, promises oM
2N = 4-4 majors, min
3D = transfer, then cues
3C = 4-4 majors, max
3D = transfer, then cues
2D = transfer
2H = normal, even 4H
2S = 5H-4S invit
2N = invit
3C = was 2524/1534 no slam
3D = was 5143 (3S = fit)
3N = c.o.g., implies bal
4C = was AQJ9xxx A KQx xx (4D = was Kx KQxx Axx KQxx, then eventually RKC S)
3H = max, 4H (cues)
2H = transfer
2S = normal, even 4S
3D = natural, not nec. slammish (3S = fit non-min, 3N = may have 3D)
3N = c.o.g., implies bal
4C = auto-splinter
2N = max, 3 good S (3H retransfers, 3N to play)
3S = max, 4S (3N = extras, bal)
2S = C
2N = v. strong, was 3343 good 16 with cQJx
3C = was 4333 with Axx/AQx C
... after the above:
3D = short D
3S = short S
2N = D (3C = preeaccept)
3C = (43)15
3D = (43)51
3H = 13(45)
3S = 31(45) or maybe Kx xx HHxx Hxxxx (heart weakness)(4C = nat)
4C = Roman Gerber
4red = Texas
Handling Interference:
(X) sys on
(2C naturalish)
2C = takeout, invit+
3C = Stayman no stopper
(2D nat)
2N = Leb, incl. weak C
(2D multi)
X = cards, was 3343 9, not GF
(2H p/c for multi)
2S = promises 5
2S = nat
(2H nat)
X = takeout, invit+, mb invite to 3N (rebid 2N over 2S)
3H = transfer, invit+?
4S = to play
(2H [spades])
X = was 2542 10
(2S nat)
X = takeout, invit+
(3S)
4N = was 1723 12, just need Aces, not sure (pd bid 5D with 2 Aces and 4D-3C and re jumped to 6H, making exact)
************************
2C Opening Bid Responses
************************
2D = invit+ relay
(X) 2H = appeared normal, not sure
(2S) 2N = shows stopper, was Kx xx AQx Axxxxx, pd took as non-min
2H = 5-6C, some 4crd major
(X) Pass = was 4-4 majors, later doubles penalty
2S = GF relay
2N = 5422 (3C relay: 3D H min, 3H H max, 3S S min, 3N S max)
3C = 6-4 min (3D asks bid M)
3D/H/S/N = 1435/3415/4135/4315
**old** ** After these relays, shape known so go into long-to-short agreement RKC
(see slam bidding)***
2N = invit opp. H (was 3325 once, NF)
3C = invit opp. S
3D = invit, both majors
2S = 6+C unbal
2N = GF relay
3C = 4D or short D
3D relay
3H short D min
3S short D max
3N 4D (4C = RKC C)
3D/H/S/N = short H min, short H max, short S min, short S max
** After these relays, shape known so go into long-to-short agreement RKC
(see slam bidding)***
3C = invit, NF
3M = nat GF, 5+crds
2N = max bal (3C relay: 3D 2236, 3H 2326, 3S = 3226, 3N 7 bad C) -> 4C RKC C, 4D = end-signal
3M = nat GF
3C = min bal (3D relay: as above + 1 but 3N = 2236; 3M = nat GF, games = to play)
3D = was 6-4 max
3M = 6-4 max I think
2H = NF, weakish, 5+crds (2N = was 3136 15, 3C = to play had stiff H, 3H = fit, even max 3fit)
2S = NF, weakish, 5+crds (2N = was max misfit, 3S = fit even max 3fit)
2N = puppet to 3C
3C = forced
Pass = pree
3D = invit 5+ 5+ majors
3M = GF but bad suit
3N = 15-17 bal, 4(good3) clubs
3C = ? BPH was 7-9 HCP 3-4fit, alerted
3D/H/S = nat invit
games = to play
Passed Hand Adjustments:
2D = relay but nat conts
2S = was 5341 10 (3C to play)
3C = was 7 HCP 3fit, alerted
Handling Interference:
(X)
XX = 10+ (9+ BPH), may be short C or have 5H (later 2H =
(P)
Pass = had 2137 12, 4135 12
(2D) 2H was 2542 11
(2H) X = penalty
2NS = to play
3C = pree
(2D)
X = neg, same as relay (later doubles of raise= takeout, 3M = 6-4 max)
2M = NF
4M = to play
(2H)
X = negative but passable, mb GF with 5+suit
2S = NF
3D = NF
(2S)
X = negative but passable, mb GF with 5+suit
3C = to play, was 4423 9 (3H = was 1426 offensive)
3D/H = NF
(3C = majors)
3D = was 3253 10, pd passed with 2416 max
(3S)
X = negative
************************
2D Opening Bid Responses
************************
2H = p/c (2S = S)
2S = relay, asks shortness, does not promise fit
2N = no minor shortness
3C = relay
3D = 6H bal, 3H = 6H short S, 3S = 6S short H, 3N = 6S bal
3C = 6S, short C
3D = 6H, short D
3H = 6H, short C
3S = 6S, short D
2N = relay, promises 2+crds both majors
3C = max, bad suit (3D Relay: 3S = was short H, cues)
3D = good suit (but recently was min bad suit showing H: acc to rigal)
3M = nat weak (4C = cue/flag for M)
3N = solid suit
3D = invit both majors (was 4423 10, 4333 13)
4M = to play
3H = p/c, preemptive
4C = demands transfer to suit (even in comp)
4D = asks bid suit (even in comp)
Handling Interference:
(X) Pass = diamonds, 2H = p/c, 2S = nat, XX = ?, 3H = p/c
(2H)
Pass = wants pd to Pass with spades?
X = p/c (was 2-2 majors 12)
(2S) X = was 6S min
2S = p/c (Was 3-3 majors) - later compete by opener = to play, X or bid = max
3C = was 15 nat
(2N) Pass (3H) X = was weak two in H good suit
(3C) 3S = nat constr. NF
(3D) 3H = p/c, 3S = nat constr. NF
(3N) 4H = p/c
************************
2H Opening Bid Responses
************************
2S = p/c (later X penalty)
3C = was min 5-5
3D = was min 5-6
2N = relay
3H = H-S, was min
3S = 6+S-5+H
Handling Interference:
(X)
2S = p/c
(2S)
X = p/c, had 3343 10
************************
2S Opening Bid Responses
************************
2N = relay
3C = C (was min x1)
3H = was S slamforcing
4H = was 5215 horrible not cue
3C = p/c
games = to play
Handling Interference:
(X)
XX = was 3424 12
3C = p/c
(3H)
4C = p/c
************************
2N Opening Bid Responses
************************
ym = to play
3H = relay
Handling Interference:
(X) XX = was 11 3442
*****************************
3-level Opening Bid Responses
*****************************
NS below game = F
Handling Interference:
(X)
NS = lead-direct or nat
4th seat Adjustments:
These are intermediate, good suit
************************
3N Opening Bid Responses
************************
4C/5C = p/c
4D = asks shortness
***************************
4C/D Opening Bid Responses
***************************
4cM = to play
else = cue
************************
Slam Bidding
************************
Mixed cues, 1430, 3N after fit extras balanced, Hoyt, Gerber, Josephine, 5N special if no space, Voidwood 1430
XX of X of RKC response may show Ace.
First side suit cue after fit at 3-level is usu. shortness even in pd's suit (use 3N otherwise).
If shortness is doubled, pass shows no control and cue-bidder's XX shows 1st round.
After 2/1, if pd shows 1-suiter 6+crds 11-15 with 3M, cheapest cueish bid asks strength (step 1 = worst)
e.g.
1S-2C-2S(min no red)-2N(GF wait)-3S(6+S)-4C(ART strength ask)-4D(v. bad hand for slam)
If splinter is doubled, Pass denies 1st rd (and splinter XX's with first round).
Relay Continuations:
Once one hand shape is known, continuations by asker:
3N = to play
4D = puppet to 4H for signoff or special invites
step 1 = agrees longer suit (if tie, lower first)
step 2 = agrees 2nd-longest suit
step 3 = agrees 3rd-longest
higher steps, at 5m = to play
When suit is set, responder gives keycards/trump Queen in steps:
step 1 = 2 or 5 KC
step 2 = 1 or 4 KC
step 3 = 0 or 3 KC
step 4 = 1KC + Queen
step 5 = 2KC + Queen
After this ask, non-trump bids ask about quality of that suit (Roman):
step 1 = A or KQ
step 2 = -- or AKQ
step 3 = Q or AK
step 4 = K or AQ
************************
Defensive Bidding
************************
(1C [non-forcing])
X = takeout or bal (2C = cue asks 4M, 3D = was strong invite long good suit)
1D = nat (2N = pree raise)
(Pass) Pass (X); XX = max
(1H = spades) X = hearts
(1S) 3S = spl raise, 4H = to play pree
2N = invite, was 14 bal
1M = nat
(X) XX = was 2533 11 misfit, 3D = was bal 10 5fit
(1S = not spades) X = was spades (2C = was nat weak)
2C = lim+ raise
2M = constr.
2NS = NF
3C = mixed raise
JS = fit
1N = 15-18
2C = 5+ 5+ majors, weak/strong
2D/M = pree, 6crds
3S = pree
(1C [forcing, whether multi or strong or whatever]) - artificial defense ("Lambda")
Pass = weak, or any 16+ (later X = general strong, 2C = majors strong)
X = 8-15 H 1-suiter (rarely 4)
(1H = S) Pass = may have Ax H
(1S) 2H = was competitive 4fit
Pass = long clubs, obv
1D = relay, mb limit H raise
1S = nat, was constructive 5crds
2C = was 5242 14, tk supposed to be cue-bid (2H = signoff attempt [2S = NF 5+S])
2H = 4crds simple
3H = pree
1D = 8-15 S 1-suiter (rarely 4), or 4-4 majors (later X by oc'er is takeout both majors)
(X) 2S = normal
(1H) 2S = normal
1S = to play
2S = simple raise, usu. 4crds, sometimes good 3 with HCP
1H = 8-15 5+-4+ non-touching, or any 3-suiter
(X) Pass = had 3H (1S = 5S-4D)
(1S) X = was 4315 10 (2N in comp was 0445 short in their suit)
(bid) 2N = asks bid lower suit with nothing special, usu. pree, occ. invit+, tends to have 4+ 4+ fits
1S = p/c (2C = nat was 4H-5C min, 2H = was 5H-4C min)
1N = 9+ HCP ask
2C = was good p/c hand (2H = 5H-4C)
2y = nat NF
2N = good for for some suit, so 4+ 4+ majors or minors usu. (3D = was 4S-5D 13 [4D invite])
1S = 8-15 5+-4+ reds or blacks
(X) Pass = had 2S weak
(bid)
2C = p/c
2N = asks bid lower suit with nothing special,
usu. pree, occ. invit+, tends to have 4+ 4+ fits
1N = shape-ask (2D = was 4H-5D max)
2m = nat NF
2H = was p/c
2N = was 1444 8, thk mixed raise of something
(X) XX = was 5314 9 (shows higher suit longer?)
1N = 8-15 5+-4+ majors or minors
(bid) 2N = asks bid lower suit with nothing special, usu. pree, occ. invit+ (usu. 4+ 4+ fits); if higher, X asks bid
3S = 6S-4H
2C = shape-ask (2H = was 4S-6H min [later X cards])
2D/M = nat NF
2N = was 4351 4 ("pree/mixed of something"?)
2y = 8-15 nat, vul-dependent
3y/4y = same
(1D)
X = t/o or 15+ bal
(XX) JS = pree, Pass = had 2245 7
1M = nat (later X by op shows 3support and 18+, 2D = was 4fit 19 HCP but not GF [2H NF])
2C = nat (2N = mb 18-20 bal [3C to play])
2N = nat
1M = nat (2C = lim+ raise, 2D = no fit F1 (2S mb 5 NF), 2NS = NF, 2N = 4+ lim+ raise, jump cue = mixed, JS = fit)
(X) XX = like 1N with doubleton
1N = 4M-5+C 8-15
(X) 2C = to play, 2D = was 4-4 majors weak
(2C) 2D = was 4324 8
2C = to play
2D = was 4-4 majors weak (2S = was min)
2C = nat, denies 4M (else 1N)
2D = 5+ 5+ majors, weak/strong (3D = invit+ for something)
2M/3C = pree
2N = 5+C-5+H
3D = stopper-ask, or huge 2-suiter
(1D mb short)
2D = nat constr. (no way to show 2-suited majors)
2N = minors 5-5
(1H)
X = t/o or NT o/c
(XX) JS = pree
2D = nat (2N = was 18 bal [3D to play])
2N = nat
1S = nat (2C = lim+ raise, 2D = NF, 2H = no fit F1, JS = fit)
1N = 4S-5+m 8-15
(X) 2C = p/c, 2N = both minors was 2254 7
2C = p/c
2H = some strong hand
2N = cf below, prob. asks for minor, may have 4S
4H = splinter
2m = nat, denies 4S (2NS = NF, JS = fit)
2H = Michaels, weak or strong (2N asks minor)
2S/3m = pree
2N = minors
3H = stopper-ask, or huge 2-suiter
(1S)
X = t/o or NT o/c
(2S) 3H = weak
(XX) JS = pree
2lower = nat (2N = mb 18 bal [rebid same suit = to play])
2N = nat
1N = 4H-5+m 8-15
2C = p/c even over X
2S = some strong hand (3C = min)
2N = asks for minor, was 3424 9 (?)
2lower = nat (2m denies 4H)
(3cue) X = like a simple raise prob with honor
cue = lim+ raise
2NS = NF
JS = fit
2S = Michaels, weak or strong (2N asks minor)
2N = minors
jump overcall = pree
3S = stopper-ask, or huge 2-suiter
(1N [strong 14+])
BUPH:
X = 5+-4 majors or 5M-4+m
(XX) 2y = to play (but 2C was explained as same as Pass once), Pass = asks for side suit
(2N) 3H = can compete in either major
2C = p/c (2D = D + M [2H p/c for M])
2M = nat
2C = 5+C-4M
(bid) 3H = p/c for major
2D = 5+D-4M
(bid) 3H = p/c for major
2M = nat (3m = invit NF, 3M = inv)
3S = nat, constr.
BPH:
2C = was 5-4 majors (2D asks which longer)
(1N [weak 13-])
Pass
(2C) X = points, not lead-direct
(2H = transfer) 3H = natural
X = cards, equal or better
(Pass)
Pass = sets forcing pass at 2-level but can stop at 2-level
2N = was 4504 7, shows 2-suiter
(XX [C or (D+M)])
Pass = was 4432 3-count
(2C [forced])
Pass = was 21 bal, maybe pd's pass was forcing?
(Pass [C])
2H = was 4432 3-count, yuk
(2m)
Pass = forcing
(2H = transfer)
Pass
(2S) x = takeout, v. strong
(3y)
X = neg, not nec. GF
2C = 5+-4+ majors (2D = asks longer major)
2D = 1 6+crd major (4m responses like over 2D Multi)
2M = 5M-4+m (2N = asks minor)
2N = 1 minor
3D = 2182 13 (3S = nat)
4C = was 7042 8 tricks
(2C [strong art])
X = clubs
2N = 2-suiter
(2C [natural])
2H = nat (2S = nat NF)
(2C [multi])
delayed 3C = natural, not too strong
(2D [multi])
P
(2H p/c)
X = was 20+ bal (Rebid 2N freely)
(2S [p/c])
2N = nat (staym, transfers)
3N = nat, was 21 (4N quant)
X = 13-15 bal, or maybe others, incl. 5323 19, 4153 20, 1543 23
(XX) 3C = was 1255 8, poss. xfer leb
(2H p/c) X = was 3514 8, implies 5H I think
2H = nat (2S = cue-raise)
2S = nat
2N = nat (transfers)
3C = nat (3D = seminat F)
(2D [Flannery])
X = was 3253 16 (later X of 2H is takeoutish)
(2D [bal, strong, ART] - Mexican)
2M = nat
(2M [weak])
(2N) 3S = nat
X = takeout
2N Leb incl. s/o lower suit
3m = constr.
3oM = constr.
3M cue = was 4oM GF single stop and pd removed to 4D with no stop no 4oM
3N = has stopper
2S = nat
2N = nat (3C = Stayman, 3S = was 1345 slammish)
JS = nat, constr.
(2N strong)
X = art, including 5-5 majors (3C p/c)
3D = nat prob, was 4270
3S = nat
(2N = minors)
3C = likely majors eq/longer hearts
3D = was 6412 15, promises 5S (4S = to play)
(3C)
3N = normal
(4C) o/c's X = penalty
(3N Gambling)
4M = to play
(4D = spades)
4H = nat
(4H)
X = takeout
Sandwich Seat:
(1C)
(1D = hearts) X = takeout of hearts
(1N) 2C = Michaels for majors
(1H)
(1S) 1N = 5-5 minors BPH
OBAR:
Takeout doubles in almost all OBAR situations.
OBAR X - direct 3H = weak
(1C)-P-(1D)-1S;
2C = was lim 4fit
Balancing:
1N = over 1m: 11-14, does not promise stopper, over 1M: can be stronger
Michaels cue over 1M
Other:
transfer advances vs. 1M overcall (ours) and negative double (theirs)
after any ART raise, going back to trumps immediately even in comp is worst possible action
Leb by non-1C opener (nat 2N by 1C opener), in comp.
When negative free-bid, jump-shift to 3-level shows good 6+crds GF (unless defined otherwise).
Not sure about 2-way checkback BPH.
Cards doubles by opener.
Pass-or-Pull double after pd's preemptive raise - shows 2 defensive tricks AND a good save.